Discover the exciting world of electroacoustic music and learn to make music with sounds.

Drone On….

Compose Your Own Work

Use what you have learned to compose your very own piece of Drone Music.

Remember that the slowly changing drone can form the core of your work, around which all other elements slowly evolve and interact.


To create the central drone, why not experiment by using Time-StretchingA manipulation in which the Duration of a sound is altered. Time stretching can be used to make sounds longer or shorter.More infotime-stretching.

Extending sounds through stretching them can create drone-like sounds, which slowly evolve over time.

You could experiment with ReverbThe multiple short reflections of sound that give humans an immediate impression of space. Reverb effects can be used to impart a sense of space onto recorded or generated sounds.More inforeverb to create different impressions of space. The drone could exist within a large space. Or move ‘forwards and backwards’ as you change the amount of reverb with AutomationA tool that allows you to change the variable parameters of a sound over time.More infoautomation.

Use modulation tools to slowly transform your drone sounds:

  • ChorusThe use of multi-layering one or more sounds, often with the use of very small-scale delays. The chorusing effect leads to the impression of a duplication of the original input sound, a chorus consisting of an ensemble of the input sound(s).More infoChorus
  • FlangingAn effect that uses very short delays (in ms) to create a cancellation effect when a delayed copy of a sound is added to the original audio streamMore infoFlanging
  • Ring modulation
Composition Tip

Think of slow moving sounds.

Recall the drones which are a core part of many different types of musical instruments: Bagpipes, digeridoo, hurdy-gurdy, sarod.

Listen back to the music of Pauline Oliveros.

Or the explore the music of ‘Drone Day’.