EARS 2

Discover the exciting world of electroacoustic music and learn to make music with sounds.

声音的新观念

随着录音技术的发明,人们对待声音的看法彻底地改变了。所有的声音均可被捕获,并且被带进音乐厅,所有的声音都能被赋予乐感。

Listen to these sounds:

New Sound One

How would you describe this sound?

New Sound Two

Does it sound like anything that you have heard before?

New Sound Three

What is this sound? Where did it come from?

  • Do they sound like anything that you have heard before?
  • Where did they come from?
  • How were they created?

Answer

Recording technology captured the sounds, and sound editing programmes on the computer were used to transform them.

(Curious about EXACTLY how each of these sounds were made? Click here for MORE information:)

New Sound Two: Was made by transposing an original recording of birds and adding reverb. The recording of birds was transposed upwards to eight times its original. A highly reflective reverb was then added to make the sound blur.

New Sound Three: Was made by using time stretch and transposition. The original sound (of a car driving past) was taken and stretched to make it twice its original length and half its original pitch.

Later, we can combine and organise these sounds to create pieces, for example:

Except of a piece

This is a short clip of a piece made by combining and organising some of the sounds from above. All of the sounds in this clip can be found as part of the External sound card pack in the Compose With Sounds software.

This is a picture of the session in the Compose With Sounds software. This is how it looks like to edit and combine sounds)

This is a picture of the session in the Compose With Sounds software.
(This is how it looks like to edit and combine sounds).



新世界的新音乐

在19世纪末20世纪初,全世界正在发生巨变,机动车的发明和工业的扩张将我们的世界变得更加嘈杂和繁忙。

20thCentury-01

意大利未来主义画家、校园艺术家、作家和音乐家,都对新工业技术的发明很感兴趣:汽车、电话、飞机、火车(包括很多司空见惯的事物)。

他们感受到,现有的音乐并不能恰当地表现这个摩登时代,所以在工业声音和人类科技大发展的启发下,他们急需一种新的音乐类型。

Appreciating All Sounds

One of the Futurists, Russolo, LuigiItalian artist and writer who wanted to make music with all sounds. In 1913 he wrote the 'Art of Noises', a leaflet arguing for composers and musicians to use all sounds, especially noise sounds.More infoLuigi Russolo argued that most music was only made with about four or five different types of sound:

    • 弓奏乐器
    • 拨奏乐器
    • 铜管乐器
    • 木管乐器
    • 打击乐器

他要求说

我们必须逃出这个狭隘的纯音乐圈,征服千变万化的噪音。

因此,让我们鼓励天才音乐家们大胆的聆听所有噪音,这样他们才有可能在创作中理解各式各样的节奏[和音色…]。

然后,将多变的噪音与乐音音色作对比,他们将会相信,噪音与传统交响乐声音相比,是多么的不同和有趣。”

OTHERSOUNDS

Listen to some examples of sounds from each category. Which collection of sounds do you prefer? Why?


Orchestral Sounds

Keys

Discrete and contained pitches

Wind

Steady pitch sound

Percussion

Mainly only used for emphasis.

Bow

Steady pitch sound.

All Sounds

Ding

Complex vibration and beating

Crunch

Different textures

Thud

Solid thump

Patter

Many small sounds with depth



来自新技术的新声音

当技术发展到20世纪初期,越来越多激动人心的音乐可能性出现了。皮埃尔·舍非尔是法国广播电台(RTF)的技术人员,1940年,音频的无限可能性让他十分着迷,他开始将这种技术应用于音乐创作中。

Schaeffer, Pierrea radio engineer and composer who founded the group that became the GRM (Musical Research Group). He studied sounds and developed the idea of Musique Concrète.More infoPierre Schaeffer was working as a technician at the French radio (RTF) in the 1940′s when he became fascinated with the possibilities of recorded sound. He recorded sounds onto vinyl disks (like LP records) and then explored the transformations that were possible: for example: reversing sounds, transposition, time-stretch and loops.

Using these techniques he invented a style of music which he called Musique ConcrèteA term created by Pierre Schaeffer in 1948 to describe his new music, which started from the concrete sound material, from heard sound.More infoMusique Concrète

Etude Tourniquets (1948)

An excerpt from one of Pierre Schaeffer's five studies in sound.

Pierre SCHAEFFER dans le studio de la rue de l'Université (1963), Laszlo Ruszka ©INA-GRM

Extra

他试图通过实验,将地铁的声音进行变型、拼贴以及节奏处理,创作了主要强调声音本身美感的一个作品。


Summary: 新音乐的可能性

Recording technology changed music forever. Any sound can now be captured, controlled and organised to create new works.

It allows us to do things with sound that were never before possible. And lets us break free from the limitations of tradition.

Computers give everyone access to tools for sound transformation and organisation, opening up the full world of sounds to all.

Mic+Speaker

Fact

The majority of music that we hear would not exist without the technology of recording.


References

In 1913 Luigi Russolo published a leaflet called ‘The Art of Noises’ in which he called for a new music. – Read his leaflet here.