Ambient Music is a very calm, atmospheric type of music that often contains no perceptible beat.
It arose at the time of the New Wave movement that was influenced by meditation practices from India.
It makes use of sound textures to create an environment of sound often involving a subtle mood, and can be found in so-called ‘chill-out rooms’ in some clubs.
It should be able to be enjoyed if you want to listen, or ignored if you do not.
Music to Float in
The goals of Ambient Music are to create an atmosphere that blends with the natural surrounding environment, creating a calm space.
Brian Eno, one of the pioneers of Ambient Music, described it as:
“music to swim in, to float in, to get lost inside”
Ambient Music developed in the 1970s as synthesisers became available. These instruments allowed composers to experiment with long and slowly shifting sound textures.
This is an ambient style piece, ‘Pjanistic’ (pronounced: pianistic) by Thierry Gauthier.
What Does This Music Involve?
Ambient Music usually focuses on timbre/sound quality rather than rhythms or gestures.
It is usually minimal, designed not to draw attention to itself.
Often it seeks to completely enfold the listener and explore a sense of space.
Common manipulation techniques in Ambient Music might be:
Delay – can be used to duplicate sounds and create loops (asymmetric or irregular delays might be especially interesting).
Panning – can be used to spread sounds across the space, between left and right, enveloping the listener.
Cox, C. and Warner, D. (2004) Audio Culture: Readings in Modern Music. Continuum: New York.