Objects that vibrate in a randomised fashion produce sounds that we describe as noisy. This is because the sounds produced contain a random assortment of frequencies. Advanced A term that…

Pokračovat ve čteníNoise


A form of visual representation for sounds. Traditional notation is designed to describe and represent notes and note-based music, but not as equipped to describe the majority of sounds. Graphic…

Pokračovat ve čteníNotation


Sounds which have a clearly defined Pitch and Duration, and are the main ingredients in the majority of traditional music.

Pokračovat ve čteníNotes


Eight (octo) Sounds (Phony), the use of eight loudspeakers to playback audio. In most octophonic systems each loudspeaker will receive a unique audio signal.

Pokračovat ve čteníOctophony


The placement of sounds left and right between a stereo pair of speakers. Sounds can be panned to the left and right to give the impression of space thus spreading…

Pokračovat ve čteníPanning


A strong concentration of sound wave energy at a specific pitch. All sounds that have a pitch are made up or partials. A Sonogram of a guitar sound in which you can…

Pokračovat ve čteníPartial


Patterns are recognisable repeated elements. A looped sound will form a pattern because it is played again and again. If the loop is short then the listener will be able to…

Pokračovat ve čteníPatterns


Sound waves can both add together and subtract from one another. When soundwaves add together they are described as being ‘in phase’ with one another. When soundwaves subtract from one…

Pokračovat ve čteníPhase


Pitch as Property The relative height of a sound, ranging from low to high. A pitched sound will contain relatively focused spectral energy, and it is this characteristic that enables…

Pokračovat ve čteníPitch

Pitch Shifting

This refers to the changing of the Pitch in either direction. Traditionally pitch shifting went hand in hand with the change of speed of a tape recorder. With today’s digital technology, pitch…

Pokračovat ve čteníPitch Shifting


The multiple short reflections of sound that give humans an immediate impression of space. Reverb effects can be used to impart a sense of space onto recorded or generated sounds.

Pokračovat ve čteníReverb

Signal Wave

A signal wave is a pattern of electricity which can be converted into a sound wave (for example by a Loudspeaker), or can be used to drive other processes an manipulations…

Pokračovat ve čteníSignal Wave

Sine Wave

The purest of sounds, looking like a sequence of hills and troughs, the sine wave (or sinusoid) creates the sound of a single frequency with no harmonics or interference.  …

Pokračovat ve čteníSine Wave


Sounds that are connected or blended together with no intervening silence. In traditional music the term legato is used. (Legato is the Italian word for ‘tied together’.)

Pokračovat ve čteníSmooth


A sonogram is able to show the relative distribution of sound wave energy within a sound, over time. It can be a useful visual tool for understanding how sounds operate…

Pokračovat ve čteníSonogram

Sound Mark

Sound marks are the sonic equivalent of landmarks. They are key sound objects within a soundscape which help us to orientate ourselves. Sometimes Sound Marks are also Keynote sounds, but…

Pokračovat ve čteníSound Mark

Sound source

This is the perceived cause of a sound. It may be referential, relating to a recognised contextual source, or an abstract description of the characteristics necessary for a description of…

Pokračovat ve čteníSound source

Sound Walk

a walk where the participant (or participants) concentrate on listening [paraphrase of Schafer 212–213]. The main goal of the activity is to facilitate Heightened listening. When more than one person is…

Pokračovat ve čteníSound Walk


Wherever we are, we are surrounded by sound. Soundscapes (just like landscapes) can be urban/rural, industrial/agricultural, busy/quiet, and so on. Soundscapes can change over the course of a day, and…

Pokračovat ve čteníSoundscape


A way of visualising sounds that provides information about the frequencies that make up the sound. The horizontal axis of the spectrogram displays Time (the further to the right the…

Pokračovat ve čteníSpectrogram


To cut up a sound file. Usually to remove unwanted bits, leaving only the sounds that the composer wants to use. When composers used magnetic tape they would splice the…

Pokračovat ve čteníSplice


A grouping of electronic modules intended for sound processing. Such equipment usually incorporates a combination of oscillators (tone generators), filters, mixers, envelope generators, noise generators, reverberation units, etc. The term…

Pokračovat ve čteníSynthesiser


When discussing music and sound Tape refers Magentic Tape, a technology for capturing and recording sound. Magnetic tape was invented in 1928 in Germany and is made up of a…

Pokračovat ve čteníTape


A style of music that developed from the mixture of electronic music and African styles. It is repetitive instrumental music, often with a strong beat. It developed because of the…

Pokračovat ve čteníTechno


The colour or quality of a sound. It is used as a term to describe all of the properties of sounds that cannot be described using other terms (such as…

Pokračovat ve čteníTimbre


A regular change in Amplitude that can be applied to any sound. This creates a wobbling effect similar to Flanging. NOT to be confused with Vibrato.

Pokračovat ve čteníTremolo


A turntablist is a musician who conceives the scratching and mixing of records on a twin-deck turntable as an artistic and expressive medium. Turntablism is the process of creating music…

Pokračovat ve čteníTurntabalism


A regular change in Frequency which can be applied to any sound. The rate of change may be very fast or slow. And the amount of change might also be adjusted. Not…

Pokračovat ve čteníVibrato


A common way of showing sounds visually. It displays how sounds change in Amplitude over time and allows viewers to clearly see the Envelope (ADSR (Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release)) of…

Pokračovat ve čteníWaveform